• Submission Guidelines

    This section describes the general information about Advanced Ultrasound in Diagnosis and Therapy (AUDT) including aims and scope, types of manuscript, specific topics AUDT covers, copyright and how to prepare a manuscript for submission. We highly recommend you read this in full and have your contribution consistent with AUDT submission guidelines. Please note that no fees are charged for submission, processing, or publication in AUDT. If you need editing service, please browse www.unitediting.com.

    Aims & Scope

    Advanced Ultrasound in Diagnosis and Therapy (AUDT) focuses on developments in ultrasound imaging and technology of diagnosis and therapy in both basic science and clinical applications. It provides a forum for practicing radiologists, imaging researchers, technologists and trainees to exchange information in field of medical ultrasound. The journal also aims to be a valuable resource for non-radiologist clinicians.

    AUDT is a multidisciplinary journal that publishes the innovative and original research articles in ultrasound, x-rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine, and other imaging modalities related to morphology and functional studies. The journal also encourages submitting the original articles in fields of image-guided therapy, molecular imaging, translational medicine, artificial intelligence technology for medical imaging. Contributions describing novel image techniques, processing and analysis are encouraged.

    The scope of AUDT will include original papers, review articles, editorial letters, technical developments, graphic papers, educational articles, case reports, letters to the editor and some special reports in ultrasound and radiologic imaging.

    Types of Manuscript

    AUDT publishes manuscripts in the following categories:

    Consensus and Guidelines

    Papers are consensus and guidelines for ultrasound imaging and technology of diagnosis.

    Original Research

    A research paper that provides new information derived from original data and usually includes extensive statistical analysis.

    These will present original clinical and laboratory research and related topics. Although there is no set limit on the length of an original article, it is recommended that they be no longer than 6,500 words including abstract, tables, figure legends and references. An abstract no longer than 250 words should be provided with the following headings: Background and Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. A total of 8 figures or tables are allowed; additional tables and figures may be provided using the online data supplement system.

    Review Article

    An in-depth analysis of the current status of a particular topic. It is not an original article with new data but represents a well-balanced summary of a timely subject with reference to the literature.

    Abstracts are required for Reviews, but the structured abstract format of an Original Article is not necessary. Reviews have no restrictions on word count or the number of figures and tables. However, authors should eliminate redundancy, emphasize the central message, and provide only the data necessary to convey that message. It is recommended that Reviews have the approximate length of 6,500 words including abstract, tables, figure legends, and references. The total number of figures and/or tables is limited to 8.

    Technical Development

    A paper about new technologies applied to ultrasound imaging and technology of diagnosis.

    Graphic Paper

    A paper in which the message is primarily contained in the images, with the text and legends to the images providing brief historical, descriptive, or interpretive information. A Graphic Paper does not contain data or new statistical analysis but rather provides its message through unique and timely images. Graphic Paper must not be a single case.

    Case Report

    A paper that describes a group of cases or particular observations with unique imaging features or involving novel procedures. Case Reports are usually composed of at least 3 cases, retrospective, and not associated with extensive statistical analysis.

    Special Report 

    This type of paper is a case presentation with accompanying literature review that expands the knowledge in the areas of ultrasound diagnosis.

    Expert Commentary

    A short paper that describes the personal views of the author on a particular subject. It includes some review of the literature in making a point, although it is clearly an opinion piece rather than a review of the subject.


    This article type is by Invitation Only.

    Letter to the Editor

    Brief comments on published material and should be objective, constructive, and educational.

    This is either a brief summary of an original research or a comment on papers previously published in this journal. No abstraction is required. The letter should be 800 words or less (including references and figure legends) with a maximum of 10 references and may include only 1 figure/table. However, in case of a summary of a relatively large study, a total of 2 figures/tables are allowed; additional tables and figures may also be allowed when authors specifically request this to the editor at the time of submission.

    Response to Letter

    This article type is by Invitation Only.

    Educational Article

    Article about the basic education of ultrasound imaging and technology of diagnosis. It highlights the standardized education on fundamental knowledge and basic skills and related online education.

    Conference Paper

    This type of papers refers to abstracts of conference papers published in AUDT.

    Peer Review Policy

    AUDT operates a double-blinded peer review process in which where both authors and reviewers are unknown to each other. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 12 weeks of submission. The journal peer review process is here

    Manuscript Preparation

    Cover Letter

    The cover letter accompanying the manuscript must specify the type of manuscript and include statements on ethical issues and conflicts of interest, and complete contact information for the corresponding author.

    The cover letter should include the following statement: "All authors have read and approved the submitted manuscript, the manuscript has not been submitted elsewhere nor published elsewhere in whole or in part, except as an abstract (if relevant)." The cover letter may include the names of up to 3 potential reviewers whom the authors would like to suggest, especially members of the editorial board. The authors may also include the names of up to 3 reviewers whom they would like not to evaluate their submission. The editor ultimately decides who will review the manuscript.

    General Style

    The manuscript must contain the following: author information page, title page, abstract, main text, references, tables, and figure legends. Leave margins of 2.5 cm on each side. The main body of the manuscript and all tables included with your submission must be provided in Microsoft Word format. The text must be written in double-spaced 12-point font, preferably in Times New Roman. The right margin should not be justified (i.e., left-justification only). Abbreviations should be defined on first use in both the Abstract and main text. Place the page number in the middle of the bottom of each page from the title page onwards. Do not submit the manuscript with automatic formatting features (e.g., when using EndNote, remove field codes before submission).

    Manuscripts should be presented in the following sequence:
    1.  Title and author information page
    2.  Abstract
    3. Main Text, including Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Summary/Conclusions
    4.  Acknowledgments
    5.  Conflict(s) of Interest and any Disclosure(s)
    6.  References
    7.  Tables
    8.  Figures

    1. Title and Author Information Page
    Title page should contain the following: title, running title, the number of characters in the title, the number of words in the manuscript (excluding author information, references, tables, and figure legends), the number of figures, and the number of tables. The full title of the article is limited to 120 characters (including spaces). The author names should not appear on this page. This is considered the first page of the manuscript.

    Titles should be short, specific, and informative. The first page should contain all the following information: title; the full names of all authors and affiliations where the work was performed; a running title (not exceeding 50 characters, including spaces); and the contact information for the corresponding author including the complete address, telephone number, fax number, and email address. When there are multiple authors from multiple affiliations, use lower-case letters as superscripts in the order of appearance (e.g., a,b,c). Acknowledgements, sources of funding, and any conflicts of interest should be stated on this page under separate subheadings.

    Sample title and author:
    Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin in Atherosclerotic Stroke: A Surprising Resurrection of Anticoagulants?
    Oh Young Banga, Jong S. Kimb,c
    a Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
    b Stroke Center and c Department of Neurology, University of Ulsan, Asian Medical Center, Seoul, Korea

    2. Abstract
    The Abstract must appear on a separate page. All Original Articles must include abstracts that do not exceed 250 words, and conform to the following structure: Background and Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. Each title should be terminated in boldface.

    Abstracts are required for Reviews, but the structured format used in Original Articles is not necessary.

    Between 3 and 6 keywords should be provided at the end of the abstract page. Important keywords can be selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used to catalogue and index MEDLINE and Index Medicus.

    3. Main Text
    The main text of Original Article must be prepared under the following subheadings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. There is no restriction on section headings for Review Articles.

    The first indent should be suppressed only after a section heading and that all other paragraphs must be indented, for each paragraph, (1) ensure that it is separated from the previous paragraph by a vertical space, and (2) do not include any new-line or new-paragraph marks (except at the end of the paragraph). Do not include any new-page marks in the file.

    Use SI units of measurement in all manuscripts. For example, cm should be changed to mm. The SI unit should be used in the text, followed by the conventionally used measurement in parentheses. All drugs should be referred to by their generic names rather than trade names. The generic chemical identification of all investigational drugs must be provided.

    Manuscripts that describe studies on humans must indicate that the study was approved by an institutional review committee and that all participants gave informed consent. If not, the authors should state the appropriate reasons, and the Editorial Committee will decide the relevance. Manuscripts involving animals must indicate that the study was approved by an institutional animal care and use committee.

    4. Acknowledgements
    All sources of funding and financial or material support should be clearly identified in an acknowledgement. All authors are also required to report potential conflicts of interest, including funding and specific financial interests relevant to the subject of their manuscript in an acknowledgement.

    5. Conflict(s) of Interest and any Disclosure(s)
    At the end of the text, under a subheading "Conflict of Interest Statement", all authors must disclose any financial, personal, or their relationships with other people or organizations within 3 years of beginning the work submitted that could inappropriately influence the work submitted. Examples of conflicts include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants. If there are no conflicts of interest, authors should state that there are none. Investigators should disclose potential conflicts to participants in clinical trials and other studies and should state in the manuscript whether they have done so. Advances in Ultrasound Diagnosis and Therapy may decide not to publish on the basis of a declared conflict, such as the financial interest of an author in a company (or its competitors) that makes a product discussed in the paper. 

    6. References
    References should be numbered serially in the text using numbers like [1],[4], and [7-9]. They should be listed on a separate page at the end of the paper in the order first cited in the text. Unpublished data and personal communications may be cited in the text (including the initials and surnames of all authors, and the year in which the observation was made), but should not be listed as references. One copy of any in-press article that is cited in the references should be sent to the editorial office or submitted as supplementary data. Do not reference papers that are "submitted"; these can be specified as unpublished data in the body of the text. Personal communications should also be mentioned in the body of the text only. 

    The accuracy of reference data is the author's responsibility. Verify all entries against original sources, especially journal titles, inclusive page numbers, publication dates, accents, diacritical marks, and spelling in languages other than English. The format of references should conform with that specified in "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals." Journal abbreviations should conform to the style used in the Cumulated Index Medicus. 

    List all authors when there are 6 or fewer; when there are 7 or more, list only the first 6 and add "et al." Do not list the month/issue/day (the number in parentheses) in the reference.

    Sample References
    (1). Journal article
    [1] Lalzad A, Wong F, Singh N, Coombs P, Brockley C, Brennan S, et al. Knowledge of Safety, Training, and Practice of Neonatal Cranial Ultrasound: A Survey of Operators. J Ultrasound Med 2018;37(6):1411-1421.

    [2] Milliner BHA, Tsung JW. Lung Consolidation Locations for Optimal Lung Ultrasound Scanning in Diagnosing Pediatric Pneumonia. J Ultrasound Med 2017;36(11):2325-2328.

    [3] Maasland L, van Oostenbrugge RJ, Franke CF, Scholte Op Reimer WJ, Koudstaal PJ, Dippel DW; Netherlands Stroke Survey Investigators. Patients enrolled in large randomized clinical trials of antiplatelet treatment for prevention after transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke are not representative of patients in clinical practice: the Netherlands Stroke Survey. Stroke 2009;40:2662-2668.

    (2). Book
    [1] Minematsu K, Bang OY, Uehara T. Risk factors. In: Kim JS, Caplan LR, Wong KS. Intracranial Atherosclerosis. 1st ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008;45-54.

    (3). Web sites
    Web sites generally follow this format: Author names (if any). Title of information or page. Name of website. URL. Publication date (if any). Access date.

    (4). Otherwise follow uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html)

    7. Tables
    Type each table, with a title, on a separate page. Each table should be included as a Word table in order to ensure correct column alignment.

    Cite and number tables in the order they are mentioned in the text. Tables should be as compact as possible. Use horizontal lines only above and below column headings and at the bottom of the table. Do not use vertical lines. All abbreviations should be spelled out when they first appear in tables. Footnotes are indicated in sequence. The significance of observations, as determined by appropriate statistical analyses, must be indicated.

    8. Figures
    Cite figures in numerical order (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) as they appear in the text. Figures must be submitted as separate files saved in JPEG, TIFF, GIF, EPS, or PPT format (do not embedded the figures in the Microsoft Word manuscript file). All images should exceed the following image resolutions: Line Art (an image composed of lines and text) 1,000 dpi; Halftone (a continuous tone photograph, which contains no text) 300 dpi; or Combination (Line Art and Halftone) 600 dpi. Photographs of recognizable persons should be accompanied by a signed release from the person in the photograph or an appropriate legal guardian authorizing publication. Legends for figures must appear on a separate page at the end of the manuscript file.

    Manuscript Submission Checklist

    1. General Provisions
    The authors should ensure that the contents of the present manuscript have not been published nor intended to be published in other journals.

    The manuscript should be formatted as follows: A4 paper, 12 point font, left-aligned, double-spaced.

    An original article should be presented in the following order: cover page, abstract, key words, introduction, methods, results, discussion, references, and captions and legends for tables and figures.

    2. Cover Page
    This section should indicate the contact information of the corresponding author: postal code, address, phone number, fax number, and email address.

    A running title should be given in 50 characters or shorter including spaces.

    3. Abstract and Key Words
    The abstract should be divided into Background and Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; it should be written in one paragraph that is within 250 words.

    Three to six Key Words should be included (preferably those recommended in MeSH of Index Medicus; the first letter of each key word should be capitalized).

    4. Main Text
    The title should not include abbreviations; all the words must be spelled out.

    Information regarding approval of an institutional review board and obtaining informed consent should be mentioned in the Method section. References should be numbered in Arabic numbers in the order they are cited.

    Superscript numbers should come after commas and periods according to submission rules. When using abbreviations, their full forms should be used at first mention; abbreviations/acronyms should then be used consistently in further occurrences.

    Units of measure should be written in accordance with submission rules (except for % and °C, a space should come between the number and the unit of measure).

    For numbers, a comma should be inserted after every third digit. All statistical methods used should be described accurately in detail.

    5. References
    In-text citations should be numbered and should correspond to the numbers in the references. Up to six authors should be mentioned. In case there are seven or more authors, “et al.” must come after the primary author.

    Official abbreviations of quoted journals must be used. Year, volume, and start page–end page of the quoted literature should be accurately mentioned. The first letter of the title of the quoted article should be capitalized. Compliance with quotation styles should be observed.

    The manuscript should comply with quotation rules in case a book has separate authors by chapter.

    6. Tables
    Each table must have its own title and be given a separate page. All abbreviations used in the table should be spelled out. All superscript numbers used in the table should comply with the contribution rules.

    7. Figures
    Each figure should be produced in a separate file and should not be included in the main text. The file name of each figure should be the figure number. Figures can be black and white or in color; they will be published as submitted.

    The titles and legends of the figures should be concisely drafted on a separate page in English. The figures should be explained in complete sentences, not phrases or clauses. All abbreviations should be written out.

    When a figure contains several pictures, the explanation of the figure should be followed by that of each picture, distinguishing them as A, B, C, etc.

    Supplemental Data
    Supplemental Data is content that the authors wish to make available online if the paper is accepted for publication. This is currently confined to video files.

    Submitting a Revision
    To submit a revised manuscript via the AUDT online submission system at http://www.journaladvancedultrasound.com:81/journalx/authorLogOn.action, click on "Submit a revised manuscript." You will be presented with information on the original version of your manuscript, which should be edited as necessary. You will then be required to upload the files related to the revised version. Please include your responses to the reviewer comments and a cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief. In addition, please submit a copy of the revised text with changes marked in the text using either track changes or highlighted as supplementary data.

    Online Submission Process
    To submit your manuscript online, please visit the journal’s online manuscript submission site (http://www.journaladvancedultrasound.com:81/journalx/authorLogOn.action) and follow the instructions for creating an author account and submitting a manuscript. 

    Please review the instructions on the website carefully and take note of the further instructions provided at the top of each screen of the 5 submission process stages. Submit your manuscript and all figures exactly as instructed to avoid any failure or delay in processing.

    Users must register when accessing the AUDT online submission system for the first time, by clicking on “Register.” You will be asked to complete 3 steps in order to obtain your personal account.

    We strongly recommend using your email address as your ID, since this represents a unique and easy-to-remember identifier that will be needed each time you log onto the system (as a reviewer or author). The password will be encrypted for security reasons, and will not be known to AUDT. A verification email will be emailed to you at the address you used to register.

    Once you have verified your email address, you will be asked to provide a basic profile consisting of your contact information.

    Uploading a Manuscript
    Once you logged in to the AUDT online submission system, click on "Submit a new manuscript." You will be presented with a series of fields for entering information about your manuscript and uploading the manuscript, image, and supplemental files.

    The system will automatically convert your files into a single PDF file for the review procedure. You will be asked to approve the conversion before your manuscript is formally submitted to the AUDT. The conversion process can take up to 30 minutes, and an email will be sent informing you when the conversion is complete. Click on "Ready for you to proof" in the author area to check that the manuscript has been converted correctly.

    You may begin a submission or continue the process at a later date by clicking on "Save/Continue" at the bottom of the screen when entering your manuscript information. This enables you to save that page or continue to the next page. If you choose not to complete the submission during a particular session, your manuscript will appear in the "incomplete submission" queue in "My Manuscript." Do not submit the same paper more than once.

    After completing the submission, the manuscript number will be sent to the email address specified, and this should be quoted in all subsequent communications. This email notification will be sent after we have confirmed that the submitted manuscript is consistent with the journal style. Manuscripts that do not conform to the style of the AUDT may be returned without further review, requiring you to correct the style of the manuscript before resubmitting it.

    If you have any questions about the online submission process, contact the Editorial Office by e-mail at publisher@audt.org.

    Manuscript Status
    Authors who submit online using the AUDT online submission system can keep track of the progress of their manuscript through the peer-review process by visiting the AUDT online submission page and clicking on "My Manuscript."

    Publication Ethics
    AUDT is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors  and view AUDT’s anti-plagiarism policy here.

    Copyright and Licensing
    Upon manuscript acceptance, authors will be required to complete a publication agreement. The agreement may be signed by the Corresponding Author on behalf of all authors. The authors agree to transfer the copyright and related property rights to the editorial department of AUDT. Manuscripts will not pass to production without the completed publication agreement. The publication agreement is available hereAUDT is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. AUDT seeks to maximize the rights of its authors and their employers to post preprint versions of an article on the author's personal web site, on a server operated by the author's employer, or on a server operated by an approved not-for-profit third party. AUDT allows its authors to follow mandates of agencies that fund the author's research by posting accepted versions of their articles in the agencies' publicly accessible repositories.

    Hand-written signatures are required. The AUDT requires the Publication Agreement be scanned as a PDF document and emailed to the editorial office. Email: publisher@audt.org.

Open Access, Peer-reviewed

ISSN 2576-2516 (Online)

ISSN 2576-2508 (Print)

Indexed/Tracked/Covered By:

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