Objective: To discuss the value of bedside ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19).
Methods: Retrospective analysis of the results of bedside ultrasound of 510 patients with COVID-19 in our hospital was done from January 31, 2020 to March 4, 2020.
Results: (1) Among the 510 patients who underwent bedside ultrasound examination, a total of 327 (64.1%) underwent echocardiography, 494 (96.9%) underwent bilateral venous ultrasound examination of lower limbs, 86 (16.9%) underwent bilateral artery ultrasound examination of lower limbs, 48 (9.4%) underwent ultrasound examination of liver, gallbladder, spleen and pancreas, 26 (5.1%) underwent ultrasound examination of kidney, ureter and bladder, and the numbers of patients who underwent ultrasound examination of pericardium, pleural effusion, and peritoneal effusion were 16 (3.1%), 21 (4.1%), and 5 (1%), respectively. (2) Among the 327 patients who underwent bedside ultrasound examination of the heart, 96 (29.4%) showed results of positive for other abnormalities or complications, in which 31 (9.5%) had abnormal left ventricular wall motion, 42 (12.8%) were with valvular heart disease, 3 (0.9%) showed coronary heart disease, 19 (5.8%) showed the enlargement of right heart with pulmonary hypertension (PAH), and 1 (0.3%) had congenital heart disease. In addition, 6 of the 327 echocardiography patients showed negative results (no other abnormalities or complications), accounting for 1.8%. (3) Among the 494 patients who underwent bilateral venous examination of lower limbs, 182 (36.8%) had phlebothrombosis. Eighty-six (86) patients underwent bilateral artery examination of lower limbs, and 63 (73%) of them had positive results, in which 5 patients showed arterial occlusion and the other 57 patients showed atherosclerosis. (4) Thirty-three (33) patients underwent ultrasound examination of liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas, and 23 (70%) of them showed positive results. Among the 26 patients who underwent the urological examination, 7 (26.9%) showed positive results. Additionally, there are 2 positive findings in 21 patients who underwent the examination of pleural effusion (9.5%), and 1 positive case in 5 patients who underwent the examination of abdominal effusion (20%).
Conclusion: Bedside ultrasound is important in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. We hope to make better use of bedside ultrasound to help clinicians get accurate diagnosis and treatment strategies.