Advanced Ultrasound in Diagnosis and Therapy ›› 2018, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 51-63.doi: 10.37015/AUDT.2018.180801

• Review Article •     Next Articles

Advances in Modern Clinical Ultrasound

Sriharsha Gummadi, MDa,b, John Eisenbrey, PhDb, Jingzhi Li, MDb,c, Zhaojun Li, MDb,d, Flemming Forsberg, PhDb, Andrej Lyshchik, MDb, Ji-Bin Liu, MDb,*()   

  1. a Department of Surgery, Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA, USA
    b Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University,Philadelphia PA, USA
    c Department of Vascular Ultrasonography, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    d Department of Ultrasound, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
  • Received:2018-06-01 Online:2018-08-18 Published:2018-08-19
  • Contact: Ji-Bin Liu, MD,


Advances in modern clinical ultrasound include developments in ultrasound signal processing, imaging techniques and clinical applications. Improvements in ultrasound processing include contrast and high-fidelity ultrasound imaging to expand B-mode imaging and microvascular (or microluminal) discrimination. Similarly, volumetric sonography, automated or intelligent ultrasound, and fusion imaging developed from the innate limitations of planar ultrasound, including user-operator technical dependencies and complex anatomic spatial prerequisites. Additionally, ultrasound techniques and instrumentation have evolved towards expanding access amongst clinicians and patients. To that end, portability of ultrasound systems has become paramount. This has afforded growth into the point-of-care ultrasound and remote or tele-ultrasound arenas. In parallel, advanced applications of ultrasound imaging have arisen. These include high frequency superficial sonograms to diagnose dermatologic pathologies as well as various intra-cavitary or lesional interrogations by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Properties such as realtime definition and ease-of-access have spurned procedural and interventional applications for vascular access. This narrative review provides an overview of these advances and potential future directions of ultrasound.

Key words: High resolution ultrasound; Point of care ultrasound; Contrast enhanced ultrasound